Diagnostic and Testing
Diagnostic / Testing
Ankle Brachial Index
The ankle-brachial index test is done to check for PAD (Peripheral Vascular Disease) – narrowed arteries that reduce blood flow, usually in your legs. This simple test compares the blood pressure in your arm to your legs. Significantly higher blood pressure in the lower extremities could mean narrowing of the arteries in that area.
Duplex Vascular Ultrasound
A common method that helps visualize the arteries and measure blood flow using sound waves. We perform detailed ultrasound of the arteries and veins.
Venous Reflux / Venous Ultrasound
Venous ultrasound provides pictures of the veins throughout the body. This study is used to locate blood clots in the leg and is also performed to determine the cause of long-standing leg swelling. In people with a common condition called “varicose veins,” the valves that normally keep blood flowing back to the heart may be damaged, and venous ultrasound can help identify the damaged valves and abnormal blood flow.
Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS)
Intravascular Ultrasound utilizes real time ultrasound inside a blood vessel. An ultrasound apparatus is placed on a catheter which picks up images via sound waves as it travels through the vascular system. IVUS provides a 360-degree complete view inside the blood vessel for optimal treatment, showing plaque formation on the arterial wall.
A peripheral angiogram is performed similar to a cardiac catheterization but the arteries that supply blood flow to feet are studied instead of the heart. A small catheter is placed in the femoral artery and pictures are taken. If there are blockages present, an intervention may be required to alleviate pain or allow healing of ulcers or wounds.
Venography is an x-ray examination that uses an injection of contrast material to show how blood flows through your veins. Your doctor may use it to find blood clots, identify a vein for use in a bypass procedure or dialysis access, or to assess varicose veins before surgery.
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