You can break your nose in almost any situation. Playing sports, walking down the stairs then falling, fights and during accidents. It may be hard to tell if your nose is broken with the initial significant amount of swelling, because it will also look crooked. Once the swelling has subsided, you can tell if your nose is truly crooked and possibly broken.
Nose pain, swelling, bent appearance, bruising around the nose and eyes, runny nose or bleeding, and blocked nasal passages.
Other possibly complications can be a change in the sense of smell, infection, difficulty breathing, crooked septum and a large amount of blood in the nasal septum.
A broken nose is diagnosed through a physical exam and medical history. An X-ray or CT may be taken to diagnosis the extent of the injury or to rule out other injuries as well.
Immediately after the fracture, apply ice and keep your head elevated. Avoid aspirin if you are younger than 20 because of the risk of Reyes syndrome or NSAIDS for 48hrs after the injury, acetaminophen is fine to use.
See immediate medical treatment if there is a large amount of blood in the septum, if it is a nose bleed that does not stop and if there is clear drainage.
Treatment, if needed is usually done within 7-14 days of your broken nose. Most do not require treatment other than pain control and symptoms.
If surgery is needed, the cartilage or the bone needs to be put back into place. Splints or packing may be needed. Antibiotics are given to prevent infection.