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Soft tissues refer to the “softer” parts of the outer body excluding bones and joints. Soft tissue injuries are common, ranging from minor to severe.

These injuries fall into 2 categories

  1. Acute: caused by sudden trauma, such as a fall, twist or blow to the body.
  2. Overuse: gradually overtime and typically with athletes or other activity that is repeated so many times that he body doesn’t have time to heal between occurrences.

Most Common Acute Injuries

  • Sprains: a stretch and/or tear of a ligament, which is a band of connective tissues that connects bones to one another. Ligaments help support and stabilize the body’s joints.
  • Strains: An injury to a muscle and/pr tendon. These are fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones.
  • Contusions: a bruise that is caused by continuous blows or one direct blow. These crush the muscle fibers and connective tissue without even breaking the skin.

Initial treatment for these injuries is R.I.C.

  • Rest: take a break from the activity that caused your injury
  • Ice: Use cold packs in intervals of 20 minutes multiple times throughout the day
  • Compression: us an elastic compression band to prevent any blood loss or swelling
  • Elevation: This is to reduce swelling. Elevate the injury high than your heart.

If you have attempted the R.I.C.E. protocol and have found no relief, there may be a
bigger underlying issue involving the ligament, tendon, nerve or blood vessel and this would need to be addressed ASAP before the damage is irreversible.