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A hernia occurs when the inside layers of the abdominal muscle have weakened, resulting in a bulge or tear. This can allow a loop of intestine or abdominal tissue to push through the sac. Hernias cause discomfort, severe pain, or other potential serious problems.

Causes and Risk Factors

Any condition that increases the pressure in the abdominal wall may contribute to the formation or worsen a hernia. Some examples include, obesity, heavy lifting, coughing, and straining while using the bathroom.

When to Seek Medical Care

If you find a new tender, painful and irreducible lump on your abdomen, it is vital to seek medical attention to avoid the risk of the hernia becoming strangulated or irreducible.